Blogger Hossein Ronaghi Maleki has been summoned to return to prison to resume serving his 13-year sentence though he is critically ill and doctors have advised against stopping his specialized medical care. He has been on medical leave since mid-June 2015. If he returns to jail, he will be a prisoner of conscience.

received a summons, on 20 December 2015, from the Office for the Implementation of Sentences telling him that he must return to prison within a month to resume serving his prison term, or else the bail amount set to secure his release would be confiscated. He objects to this decision and intends to sit outside the Office of the Prosecutor on 20 January, the deadline of the summons. Despite his poor health, the authorities have told Hossein Ronaghi Maleki on multiple occasions that he “must return [to prison]”, including shortly after he was granted medical leave in June 2015. He has not, however, been rearrested.

Hossein Ronaghi Maleki has only one functioning kidney and according to his doctors needs constant monitoring and access to specialized medical care, which he cannot get in prison.

He was arrested on 13 December 2009 and sentenced to 15 years in prison for offences including “membership of the [illegal] internet group ‘Iran Proxy’ ”, “spreading propaganda against the system” and “insulting the Supreme Leader”, apparently in connection with articles he had posted on his blog. After arrest, Hossein Ronaghi Maleki was held for over a year in solitary confinement, during which he has said he was tortured and otherwise ill-treated, which may have contributed to his poor health.

Please write immediately in Persian, English, Spanish, French or your own language:
n Calling on the Iranian authorities to allow Hossein Ronaghi Maleki to remain free and have urgent specialized medical care in hospital outside prison; 
nUrging them to ensure that he is not punished in any way for the peaceful exercise of his rights to freedom of expression and assocation;
n Calling on them to ensure that his allegations of torture and other ill-treatment in solitary confinement are investigated, independently and impartially, and that he is protected from further torture and other ill-treatment, such as the denial of medical care



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