Syria - The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) are on the verge of seizing full control of the southern neighborhoods of Isis-held Raqqa, a Kurdish official said on Tuesday.
The US-led coalition said SDF fighters advancing from the east were within 300 metres (330 yards) of meeting up with those advancing from the west. The SDF was making “consistent gains” every day, the coalition spokesperson said.
On Monday, the World Health Organisation (WHO) said there were critical shortages of medical supplies in Raqqa, where it estimated up to 50,000 civilians remained. Separately, Medecins Sans Frontieres said many sick and wounded people were trapped.
The SDF launched its US-backed campaign to seize Raqqa in early June. The assault on Islamic States de facto capital in Syria overlapped with the campaign to drive Isis from the Iraqi city of Mosul, where Isis was defeated last month.
The Kurdish official told Reuters SDF fighters advancing from the east and the west remain separated by a few streets where fighting continued.
Full control of the southern districts would sever Isiss last remaining path to the Euphrates River which is to the south of the city.
“There is a fierce resistance from Daesh, so we cant determine when exactly well take (full control),” said the official, referring to Isis. “Around 90 per cent of the southern neighborhoods are liberated,” the official added.
The spokesperson for the US-led coalition said SDF fighters had also captured around 10 square km (four sq miles) of territory from Isis north of Raqqa in the last two days.
“Weve seen a less coherent Isis defense in Raqqa compared to Mosul. Isis is still using car bombs, booby traps, and civilians to hide behind, but their inability to address the multiple advances from the SDF is apparent,” coalition spokesman Colonel Ryan Dillon said in response to emailed questions from Reuters.
In an appeal for $20 million (£15m) to respond to the crisis in northeastern Syria, the World Health Organisation on Monday described the situation in Raqqa as “particularly worrying”.
“Raqqas main hospital and many other health care facilities have closed due to airstrikes,” it said. “The facilities that are still functioning face critical shortages of medicines, supplies and equipment.”
“Water and electricity are available only intermittently,” it said, adding that civilians were unable to move freely due to travel and security restrictions imposed by Isis.
Medecins Sans Frontieres relayed patient reports of large numbers of sick and wounded people trapped inside Raqqa “with little or no access to medical care and scant chance of escaping the city.”
Last week, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the SDF has captured half of Raqqa.
The SDF is dominated by the Kurdish YPG militia, and is the main partner for the US-led coalition against Isis in Syria.
Isis has lost large expanses of territory in Syria over the last year to separate campaigns waged by the SDF, the Russian-backed Syrian military, and Turkey-backed Syrian rebels.